Get the most out of your TRC

The PAT Teaching Resources Centre answers the 'What next?' question in the teaching and learning process.

What is in the TRC?

You will find:

  • teaching activities and concept builders
  • annotated questions and skill illustrations
  • curriculum links
  • professional support videos
  • research
  • links to other resources

Reading resources

TRC reading content breaks down reading skills, focusing on retrieving, interpreting, reflecting and decoding.

Annotated questions

These are analyses of actual PAT assessment questions, providing detailed explanations of the reading skill being assessed.

Annotated questions give:

  • detailed PAT assessment descriptions and scale score information so that you know exactly what the question is asking for
  • the actual PAT question and the correct answer
  • key concepts and skills being assessed
  • an explanation of the skills required to answer the question correctly
  • text complexity information.

Use annotated questions to:

  • gain a detailed understanding of the skills being assessed by the PAT assessment question
  • explore reasons for unexpected answers on PAT assessments
  • identify targeted teaching resources to use in class.

View an example reading annotated question

Skill illustrations

These resources are similar to annotated questions, are based on questions not currently part of PAT assessments, but which require knowledge of the same skills. This ensures you can focus on the broader skills being tested rather than on specific PAT questions.

Use skill illustrations to:

  • gain a detailed understanding of the skills being assessed by the PAT assessment question
  • explore reasons for unexpected answers on PAT assessments
  • identify targeted teaching resources to use in class.

View an example reading skill illustration

Teaching activities

These are direct instruction lesson plans that scaffold students' skill development in building comprehension and decoding.

Use teaching activities to:

  • identify and set specific reading learning intentions
  • improve student learning of a particular reading skill
  • improve student learning on a particular reading text type
  • improve student learning when an unexpected answer is identified in a PAT Reading assessment.

View an example teaching activity

Maths resources

TRC mathematics content links assessment questions to underlying concepts, the big ideas of mathematics and the higher-order thinking skills students require to move progressively forward in their maths learning.

Annotated questions

These are analyses of actual PAT assessment questions, explaining the skills needed to answer a question correctly.

Annotated questions give:

  • detailed PAT assessment descriptions and scale score information so that you know exactly what the question is asking for
  • prerequisite skills that students generally need to have mastered before they can be expected to answer the question correctly
  • the actual PAT question, and the answers students can choose from
  • common errors and misconceptions
  • key concepts and skills being assessed
  • linked concept builders, to help support students who are yet to master the required skills
  • moving forward options, to challenge students who are ready to progress in their learning.

Use annotated questions to:

  • gain a detailed understanding of the skills being assessed by the PAT assessment question
  • explore reasons for unexpected answers on PAT assessments
  • identify targeted teaching resources to use in class.

View an example mathematics annotated question

Skill illustrations

These resources are similar to annotated questions, are based on questions not currently part of PAT assessments, but which require knowledge of the same skills. This ensures you can focus on the broader skills being tested rather than on specific PAT questions.

Use skill illustrations to:

  • gain a detailed understanding of the skills being assessed by the PAT assessment question
  • explore reasons for unexpected answers on PAT assessments
  • identify targeted teaching resources to use in class.

View an example mathematics skill illustration

Concept builders

These are teaching ideas that cover specific mathematics skills.

Concept builders give a progression of suggested activities to help you develop your students' skills in areas where they are lacking, or to provide stretch challenges. They are not prescriptive, and they allow for your expert knowledge and interpretation of your student's ability levels.

Use concept builders to:

  • improve student learning in a particular mathematics skill
  • improve student learning when an unexpected answer is identified in a PAT Mathematics assessment.

View an example concept builder