Getting started or want to understand the PAT basics before using the PAT Teaching Resources Centre?

PAT Essentials

PAT Essentials is a collection of tools, resources and materials to support teachers and educators who use PAT tests in their schools. Whether completely new to the PAT series, or experienced in the use of tests and assessment data, every PAT user will find valuable content in PAT Essentials that can inform their teaching and learning strategies.

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The key PAT concepts are explained in nine short videos.

Video 1: What are PAT scale scores?

This short video explains what scale scores are and the benefits of using scale scores to measure student achievement and monitor student progress over time. Each PAT learning area has its own separate scale.

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Video 2: How do raw scores relate to scale scores?

This short video explains what raw scores are and the benefits of converting raw scores to scale scores for comparing results on PAT tests, regardless of the year level and the specific test level completed.

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Video 3: How do you choose the right PAT test?

This short video explains what a good test is—one that measures what a student can do and can't do. It also details how to assign tests if you're unsure of the ability levels of your students and how to tailor assigning tests to a class with mixed ability levels.

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Video 4: What are measurement errors?

This short video explains what measurement error is, what measurement error means for students' PAT scale scores and the importance of choosing the correct test level for precise measurement of students' achievement.

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Video 5: What are norms?

This short video explains what norms are and how they are calculated for the PAT tests. It details the range of norms available for the PAT tests and explains how norms allow teachers to see if a student is above average or below average for a particular year group.

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Video 6: What are stanines?

This video explains what stanines are and how they are calculated. As stanines are a relative measure against how well the norm sample performed, they are useful for comparing whether a student's performance is above or below average but are not useful for measuring progress over time.

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Video 7: How do you measure progress over time?

Each PAT test in a learning area is linked to a common scale. Scale scores allow teachers to monitor a student's progress over time. Students move up the scale as they progress through school and this video details what else should be considered for an accurate picture of students' capabilities.

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Video 8: How much progress is expected?

This short video explains that when testing students at the same time annually, students should progress slowly up the scale. It details the amount of growth students typically make, which years students have greater or less growth, as well as when teachers should investigate results further.

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Video 9: What are achievement levels?

Each PAT scale is divided into achievement levels that describe the skills and understandings that students at that level have typically demonstrated. This video notes the expected progress between levels for students and that students in the same achievement level have similar teaching needs.

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